Cayenne pepper

Cayenne pepper (Capsicum annum) is a type of red chile pepper in the nightshade family named for the city of Cayenne in French Guyana. Cayenne peppers range between 30,000 and 50,000 Scoville units, making them between six and ten times hotter than a jalapeño. 

Cayenne peppers have a nice balance between heat and flavor, making them very popular in a wide range of cuisines. Many pepper sauces (including Buffalo Wing sauce) have a base of Cayenne peppers, and their heat shows up in everything from Sezchuan to Cajun and Caribbean cooking. 

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